Solana is a blockchain platform that is designed to host scalable decentralized applications. The open-source project was founded in 2017 by the Solana Foundation in Geneva, and the blockchain was built by Solana Labs which is located in San Francisco. Solana is a Proof of Stake (PoS) blockchain that also uses hashed timestamps to verify transactions, called Proof of History (PoH). Unlike Bitcoin and Ethereum which do not utilize clocks, Solana utilizes a clock to simplify network synchronization which results in exceptionally fast transaction speeds. Its architecture is designed to support 710,000 transactions per second (TPS) and achieving that speed is only limited by network capability and infrastructure. Solana’s token can be found on most exchanges under the ticker symbol SOL.
How does Solana work?
At its core, Solana’s high throughput is achieved by its unique consensus mechanism called Proof of History (PoH). PoH orders transactions by utilising cryptographic timestamps, enabling a secure and efficient consensus. It arranges events in a linear, verifiable sequence, ensuring accuracy without using intense computational resources. Nodes prove the passage of time by solving complex puzzles, which creates a historical record. This method establishes an order for transactions, reducing the need for energy-intensive calculations, enhancing scalability, and securing the network against manipulation, allowing for faster and more reliable consensus.
PoH’s unique methodology enhances the efficiency, scalability, and security of blockchain networks. It significantly reduces the computational workload required for reaching consensus, thereby improving scalability. By accurately ordering events through timestamps, PoH ensures a reliable and tamper-proof historical record, enhancing security against potential manipulation or fraud.
Source: SOLANIANS. Solana Ecosystem
The Solana ecosystem is experiencing rapid growth and development consisting of more than 600 projects (some have tokens and some do not). Core ecosystem categories include Wallet, Defi, Infrastructure, Oracle, Application, Gaming, NFT, and Tooling & Explorer. There are more than 2,500 active developers building on Solana and the blockchain had 40.7M average daily user transactions (Q4, 2023).
Check out Solana’s latest ecosystem development report (8 January 2024).
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NFTs on Solana
Emerging Use Cases
Non-fungible Tokens (NFTs) have been one of the most popular aspects of blockchain technology. New capabilities and use cases are being discovered as more and more people (and traditional sectors) explore the world of authenticated digital assets. There are two excellent articles worth your time as they describe the world of NFTs on Solana and how that aspect of the blockchain is developing and advancing: